Wooden decks

Terrace is a very good investment, it offers many pleasant moments – warm summer evenings, barbecue and parties.

The wooden deck looks nice, lasts for many years and requires inexpensive maintenance.

Today, there are many good and durable hardwood varieties on the market that are ideal for outdoor decks which can be purchased at a reasonable price.

Construction of a terrace can be made in accordance with your wishes, and only imagination and money can put limits.

Different levels, integrated boxes for plants, truss farms for shelter, perhaps a hole on the terrace with a beautiful tree, stairs down the relief, etc.


How to build your wooden deck

You can  build a wooden terrace youself. Get good advice about the terraces and what you need to know before you start.

See also how to build a wooden terrace step by step.

One-day work  and you have a small, nice wooden terrace where you can enjoy the sun for some more hours.

Look at what materials you need to measure and how to build a terrace step by step.

With a little patience and a good hand to work in the forest, you can make your own wooden deck.

It is especially good to build a terrace from May to September.

Make sure to choose a place with both sun and shelter when you looking for a position of the patio .

  Checklist for the wooden terrace

When you are going to make a terrace, you can use the checklist below with the following 5 points:

  • Planning of accommodation
  • Sketch
  • Ordering of the materials
  • Creating of the wooden structure
  • Mounting of the coating

 1. Placement planning

While it may be wise to access the terrace directly from the living room or kitchen, it might be that the optimal place does not correspond to this condition.

There can be a lot of wind or maybe shade most of the day.

Therefore, when choosing a place for your terrace, be sure to use good sun and shelter.

2. Make a sketch of the terrace

Draw an accurate sketch of your terrace and the underlying structure.

This makes it easier to calculate what you need for the materials for the terrace.

Make a floor plan of the house and draw the enter for the terrace where it will be located.

Use manifold paper (special type of paper used by architects) or food paper, so you can easily fix and overlap.

 3. Ordering materials

It is a good idea to order materials in advance, as there can be a long delivery time.

The terrace should consist of 3 layers:

  •   Foundations Posts
  •   Lower wooden construction
  •   Terraces coating

    Coating for posts and wooden construction

    Remember to cover the tree when storing it.

    The posts hold the bottom wooden structure, which ensures that the surface of the terrace will be stable. How much wood that needs to be used for posts depends on how much the terrace should be raised above the ground and the area.

    But, as a rule, the distance between the posts should be 2-3 meters.

    There are many different types of wooden cover.

    Impregnated wood has a long durability and is therefore suitable for this purpose. If necessary, draw the boards with a color that covers the green surface that the wood receives from the impregnation.
    However, make sure that the moisture content in the tree is no more than 15 percent when staining.

    You need to buy enough wood to make a design where the distance between the crosses is 40-60 cm.
    For example, if the terraces have a thickness of 2 cm, there should be no more than 40 cm between the beams in the structure.

    Deciding which of the wooden resorts will consist of a terrace, there are many options for both expensive and cheap terraces.
    One good advice is to take into account the longevity of the individual types of coatings and the required amount of maintenance.

    Once you receive the boards, it is recommended that they be unpacked and checked to see if everything is in order.

    Check the surface of the boards and the tree ends. There should not be boards or punctured lots. Like winds and other cracks, this is a sign of poor quality.
    Make sure that the dimensions of the boards correspond to the width and thickness. The width of 10 cm should not be more than a few millimeters.
    There are milling cutters in the tree, so check the seed tracing. They should not be crooked and uneven. It is important that the wood is dry after you put it, otherwise it may break, so that the terraces become lean.

    Be sure to keep the tree covered and lift it onto tiles or similar tiles so that the tree is not directly on the ground.


    4. Establishment of underlying wooden structure

    A raised terrace typically rests on a wooden structure with posts dug into the ground and solidified into concrete. As mentioned above, the wood that is in contact with the ground should be pressure-impregnated wood (NTR Class A). Alternatively, a wood type such as robinie can be used, which naturally has a shelf life of more than 10 years on contact with the ground.

    The terrace rests on a foundation of posts and an underlying wooden skeleton.

    The terrace rests on a foundation of posts and an underlying wooden skeleton. 

    There must be 2-3 meters between the posts. The exact distance depends on the goals on the terrace. 

    The transverse beams that are to hold the terraces are then bolted to the posts. They form a kind of frame where the terraces can be screwed in. 

    The distance between the cross beams should be approx. 40-60 cm. This gives the boards sufficient support. It is important that the underlying construction has been carefully measured and stable, straight and straight. 

    It is also a good idea to establish a decrease of 1 cm per. meter so that the water can run off the boards. Bordering the terrace up to the house, a drop away from the house is extra important, so that you avoid the house walls being raised.


    5. Mounting of terraces

    The terraces should be fixed to the underlying structure so that all boards, edges and steps have a gap of at least 10 mm. NB! The same applies if the boards are placed under a facade cladding of wood. There must also be a minimum of 10mm between the terrace and the bottom of the facade cladding of wood. 

    This prevents water droplets from falling between the boards and soaking up the tree so that it eventually degrades. 

    The space also provides good ventilation so that the boards can dry out more quickly after rain. 

    It is important to use hot dip galvanized screws or possibly. Stainless NTK nail to make the terraces to the underlying structure. These nails / screws have a long life and do not discolor the wood. If you use good quality screws where the shaft is not damaged, you will be able to unscrew the boards if you need to repair the patio later.

     Avoid moisture problems on the wooden terrace

    Make sure that the screw is flush with the wood so as to avoid immersed screw holes where water can lie. Fill out if necessary. all screw holes with wooden plugs. 

    Cut horizontal surfaces at the top of posts or railings, etc. obliquely so the water can run off. 

    Seal all end wood with a wood preservative that prevents water from penetrating. The tree sucks up to 100 times more water from the ends than from the sides.